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You discover during your preflight that your stall horn is inoperative. Can you fly? What about if it’s the autopilot? For a lot of new (and experienced) pilots, remembering how to deal with inoperative equipment can be a challenge. We often think of 91.205 (the ATOMATOFLAMES/FLAPS/GRABCARD acronyms) but that is only one element of the (91.213) equation.

I wanted to find a nice, concise way to help my students remember the process for dealing with inoperative equipment and instruments…thus this infographic was born.

You can view the full-res version of this infographic at the following link. For any questions, comments, or concerns email send me an email at

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